Acne | Signs, symptoms, causes & Treatment

What are the causes of acne?

Acne develops when your skin’s pores become clogged with oil, dead skin, or germs. Each pore on your skin is a follicle’s entrance. A hair and a sebaceous (oil) gland make up the follicle. Sebum (oil) is produced by the oil gland and travels up the hair shaft, out of the pore, and onto your skin. Sebum keeps your skin supple and moisturized. Acne may develop one or more issues with the lubrication process. It can happen when your follicles produce an excessive amount of oil. Bacteria build up in your pores as dead skin cells gather. The growth of pimples is aiding these issues.

Four internal elements are suggested to play a role in acne development:

  • High production of sebum It happens when the sebaceous – or oil-producing – glands in the skin become hypersensitive to normal amounts of androgens in the bloodstream.
  • Hyperkeratinisation When the cells in your hair follicle don’t exfoliate correctly, they form clumps that block your pores.
  • Inflammation The C. acnes bacteria release waste products and enzymes as they proliferate. These harm skin cells and activate the immune system, leading to inflammatory acne.
  • Propionibacterium acnes Most healthy people’s skin is home to a type of bacterium that feeds on sebum, cellular debris, and metabolic wastes from surrounding tissue. This bacterium thrives in clogged pores because they provide the ideal habitat for it to grow and multiply.