Acne | Signs, symptoms, causes & Treatment


To avoid pimples and clear up your acne, you can try a few self-care activities at home. Acne can be treated at home using the following methods:

    • To eliminate extra oil and filth from your skin, wash it with a gentle soap daily.
    • Regularly shampoo your hair and keep it away from your face using water-based or “noncomedogenic” cosmetics (not pore-clogging).
    • Avoid squeezing or picking pimples, which can spread bacteria and oil.
    • Don’t wear hats or headbands that are too tight to contact your face.


Many individuals with minor acne or pimples can control their symptoms by changing their lifestyles. Because oil is a significant cause of acne, it’s critical to keep your face clean and your hair away from it, especially if your hair is greasy. Oils from your hair and face collect on your sheets as well. This can be avoided by changing your pillowcase on a daily or weekly basis.

Wash your face twice or three times a day with lukewarm water and a moderate, non-abrasive cleanser. Don’t scrub too hard on your skin. This will irritate your skin even further. Also, try not to use skincare items that can be irritating, such as scented lotions or oil-based cosmetics. Noncomedogenic moisturizers and sunscreens are the best choices. The product will not clog your pores as a result of this.

If self-care isn’t working, there are a few over-the-counter acne remedies to try. The majority of these drugs contain chemicals that help kill bacteria and reduce oil on the skin. These are some of them:

    • Many acne treatments and gels contain benzoyl peroxide. It’s used to dry up existing pimples and prevent new ones from forming. Acne-causing bacteria are also killed by benzoyl peroxide.
    • Sulphur is a natural element that can be found in various lotions, cleansers, and masks and has a unique odor.
    • Resorcinol is a less commonly used chemical for exfoliating dead skin cells.
    • Soaps and acne wash frequently include salicylic acid. It aids in the prevention of clogged pores.

You may continue to have symptoms. If this happens, you should seek medical help. Your doctor may give drugs to help you manage your symptoms and avoid scarring. These are some of them:

    • Antibiotics, whether taken orally or used topically, reduce inflammation and kill the germs that cause pimples. Antibiotics are usually only administered for a limited period so that your body does not develop resistance and becomes susceptible to infections.
    • Topical prescription creams, such as retinoic acid or prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide, are often more effective than over-the-counter therapies. They are working to reduce the amount of oil produced. Benzoyl peroxide is a bactericidal agent that prevents acne-causing bacteria from developing antibiotic resistance. It also contains anti-inflammatory and comedone-destroying effects.
    • Isotretinoin is an effective retinoid medication. It shrinks oil glands, causing them to produce less oil. It also aids in the regulation of skin cell turnover, ensuring that bacteria and excess oil do not clog your pores. Isotretinoin is primarily used to treat severe cystic acne. When other acne medications haven’t worked, your doctor may prescribe them. It isn’t for everyone, though, because the side effects might be severe.

Birth control tablets or spironolactone can be used to treat hormonal acne in women. The decrease in oil production caused by these medications regulates hormones that can cause acne. Isotretinoin (Accutane) is a vitamin-A-based medicine that is used to treat severe nodular acne in some circumstances. It has substantial negative effects and should only be taken when other therapies have failed.

Procedures to treat severe acne and prevent scarring may be recommended by your doctor. Damaged skin is removed, and oil production is reduced with these procedures.