Chickenpox is a contagious infection caused by varicella-zoster virus. Symptoms starts appearing after 10-21 days after being exposed to the virus, which is the incubation period of the infection. After developing a rash, the patient becomes a source of infection for 48 hours. Chickenpox is very common among children. It is characterized by red and itchy rashes appearing on the entire body.
Vaccinations can prevent this disease very effectively as a noticeable decline has been observed after the discovery of the chickenpox vaccine in the mid-1990s. The chickenpox virus is highly contagious and can spread from one person to another by coughing, sneezing, and contact with fluid-filled blisters and rashes. Children of age less than 12 and Immunocompromised people are particularly prone to be affected by this infection. It is advised to give a quick visit to your doctor after observing an unexplained rash anywhere on your body along with general constitutional symptoms like fever and fatigue.
Chickenpox is even more dangerous in adults as there are more chances of complications in this age. You can be affected by the infection for more than one time in your life although most people only get it once.
Chickenpox rash is a tell-tale warning symptom of this infection. Chickenpox infection has a characteristic rash that begins as erythematous macules and later evolves into small papules. The rash begins in the face and trunk and then move towards the limbs. Because of this reason, the rash in chickenpox infection is often called centrifugal rash. This occurs after 10-21 days after being exposed to an infectious agent. Soon, vesicles start forming over the red base giving a dewdrop-like appearance. The severity of the rash is variable as 250-500 spots can also be observed in a single episode of infection.
The rash is generally small, but itching is the main complaint of the patient. It possesses a red base and a blister on the top in a later stage. Skin can become painful and tender around the affected area. The rash can even reach your eyes and cause symptoms like keratitis. Contact your doctor immediately if you observe such warning symptoms.