Next to Herpes and HPV, Chlamydia infection stands as one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the modern world. The disease is produced by a pair of gram-negative bacteria known as C. trachomatis and C. pneumoniae, whose primary mode of transmission is sexual intercourse of any type, including oral, vaginal, and anal.
The main risk factors involved in Chlamydia infection include sexual activity before the age of 25, having multiple sexual partners, having sexual intercourse with strangers, an aversion to condoms, and having a history of STD infection.
Chlamydia infection presents us with a particularly challenging problem because infected patients do not always show any apparent signs or symptoms. Furthermore, if the patient does present symptoms, they may not manifest for several weeks after infection. Therefore, infected individuals become unpredictable epidemiological entities since they often spread the disease without being aware of it.
Chlamydia infection can cause significant damage to an individual’s reproductive organs, even when it causes no symptoms. The most common symptoms associated with chlamydia infection are:
1. Pain or burning when urinating
Patients suffering from chlamydia infections often experience painful and incomplete emissions of urine. A sensation of intense burning is also commonly reported. This symptom is usually an acute process and is associated with increased urination frequency.
Patients may experience discomfort and pain at the beginning of urination or at the end.
If painful urination is accompanied by bloody urine, a diagnosis of cystitis, interstitial cystitis, schistosomiasis, or bladder carcinoma should be considered.
If accompanied by lower back pain, a renal calculus may be to blame.
Fever suggests an infectious etiology such as pyelonephritis, cystitis, genital herpes, etc.
In the presence of urethral discharge, pruritus and continuous dysuria, infection with a sexually transmitted disease, such as Chlamydia, is likely the cause.