Fibromyalgia syndrome is one of those health problems that doesn’t seem to know boundaries. Very few health problems affect so many different spheres in a person’s health as fibromyalgia. There are still many questions without an answer about this syndrome, but we know it can affect pretty much every aspect of the human body, including our emotional stability and cognitive skills.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease that usually affects middle-aged women, but there are cases in younger women and men as well. Since there are so many signs and symptoms, and they come from many different body systems, doctors need to perform a series of exams before turning their attention into fibromyalgia as a diagnosis. It is important to rule out several diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disorders like systemic lupus erythematosus.
When no other disease is left to explain the symptoms of the patients, fibromyalgia is considered as a possible diagnosis after a series of assessments and clinical signs. It is a neurosensory disorder with abnormalities in the processing of pain and other stimuli in the central nervous system, but has many other features besides pain, as you will see in this article.
The main signs and symptoms of fibromyalgia are as follows:
1Pain in different spots in the body
Pain is the most important symptom in fibromyalgia. This is a central sensitivity syndrome with abnormal processing of pain and other stimuli by the central nervous system. Such pain symptoms are not localized in just one spot in the body, but instead, it is widespread and sometimes overlaps with other diseases. Pain is often felt throughout the body, but in diagnosing fibromyalgia, there are very distinct spots that usually trigger pain. These trigger points are found in areas of the skin with a nearby bone structure, and applying a bit of pressure is enough for patients to feel a sudden and unbearable surge of pain.
Pain is an unpleasant sensation that is associated with tissue damage, and it is activated by a series of nociceptive neurons with nerve terminals in the skin and other parts of the human body. To understand fibromyalgia, we should know how pain relates to other body systems, and how triggering pain in various parts of the body leads to various health problems besides a simple sensory issue. Our central response to pain is deeply involved with our feelings and emotions, it is associated with various hormonal systems, and it creates a stress response that leads patients to feeling fatigue.
As you will see in each section of this article, such complex relationship between pain and body function is the reason why this disease has far-reaching consequences in a person’s health.