Hypertension affects 6-8% of pregnant females in the united states, according to the center for disease control and prevention (CDC). Hypertension in pregnancy isn’t always dangerous, but for some pregnant females, it may be dangerous and lead to severe complications for the mother and her baby.
We will discuss high blood pressure during pregnancy from different aspects: risk factors of hypertension during pregnancy, types of hypertension in pregnancy, why hypertension in pregnancy is more dangerous, and how can we prevent and manage hypertension before, during, and after pregnancy.
Risk factors of hypertension in pregnant females:
- First-time pregnancy: the risk of hypertension is higher in females who are pregnant for the first time
- Family history: The risk of hypertension is higher in pregnant females who come from families with a history of hypertension in pregnancy
- Age: The risk of hypertension is higher among pregnant females over 35 years old
- Pregnancies with more than one child increases the risk of hypertension
- Smoking and alcohol increase the risk of hypertension in pregnant females, and lead to severe complications -other than hypertension- for pregnant females and their babies
- Lack of physical activity
- Obesity and overweight
- Presence of other diseases, like diabetes and kidney diseases