The thyroid gland is one of those organs most people acknowledge as important, but they are now quite sure as to the reason why. It is located in the middle of the neck, just below a cartilage called by the same name. The thyroid is a small yet essential gland to our organism, and it functions as a sort of metronome to regulate how slow or fast is your metabolism. It secretes a series of hormones called thyroid hormones that stimulate various enzymatic processes in the cell.
When there’s excessive secretion of thyroid hormones, it makes patients nervous and skinny, and low levels of this hormone are often associated with overweight and slow-motion patients. Insufficient secretion of thyroid hormone is clinically named hypothyroidism, and it is caused by an inadequate intake of iodine, autoimmune diseases, and alterations to the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis, the hormone signaling axis that controls secretion by the thyroid gland.
Hypothyroidism is sometimes asymptomatic, and sometimes patients display subtle signs and symptoms that will not represent any problem in their day-to-day activities. However, severe cases of hypothyroidism are associated with severe signs and symptoms including the ones listed below:
It is the clinical name of that sensation of exhaustion that is not resolved after sleeping and impairs our daily activities. Patients with hypothyroidism have both physical and mental signs and symptoms contributing to feeling weakness, brain-fog, fatigue, and drowsiness, even after having a full night’s sleep. Fatigue may develop slowly or all of a sudden depending on the type and root causes of hypothyroidism.
Fatigue may be a mild symptom or a very severe problem making patients fall asleep during the day and have a difficult time trying to get out of bed. Keep in mind that fatigue can be a symptom of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. In hypothyroidism, it is caused by insufficient thyroid hormone and slow metabolism, but in hyperthyroidism, it is caused by insomnia and anxiety associated with this condition. Thus, it is essential to ask your doctor if you feel unexplained fatigue along with other disturbing signs and symptoms.