Malignant hypertension is a dangerous and life-threatening type of hypertension. It’s a rare condition; it affects only about 1-2% of hypertensive patients. In malignant hypertension, there is a severe rapid increase in blood pressure over 180/120 mmHg. It is a hypertensive emergency condition; it can damage your heart, brain, kidney, eyes, and all your body.
Malignant hypertension has a unique feature; it occurs with papilledema (edema around the optic nerve), leading to vision loss. Malignant hypertension requires immediate and intensive care to prevent extensive organ damage.
» Now, we will discuss malignant hypertension from different aspects. We will answer the following questions about it:
- What are the risk factors and causes of malignant hypertension?
- What are the symptoms of malignant hypertension?
- What are its complications?
- How can doctors diagnose it?
- How can doctors treat and manage it?
- Is it preventable? If yes, how can we avoid it?