Sodium Deficiency (hyponatremia); Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

How do our bodies absorb sodium?

The body absorbs almost all of the ingested sodium because the body execrates any excess amount of sodium into the urine, so for balancing sodium levels in blood it should be ingested regularly in diet.

Here are some factors that may enhance or reduce sodium absorption:

  1. Aldosterone: It is a hormone that responsible for electrolytes regulation, which are sodium, potassium, and chloride. Aldosterone hormone prevents the excretion of sodium in urine in exchange for potassium and stimulates sodium absorption from the intestine.
  2. Alcohol: It acts as a diuretic, and that will cause loss of sodium in the urine, and it damages digestive system lining, which causes malabsorption of sodium.
  3. Medication: Medications that prevent glucose absorption in the intestine will directly inhibit sodium absorption because its absorption depends on glucose absorption.
  4. Coffee: Caffeine found in coffee, tea, chocolate, and some beverages may decrease sodium absorption in the intestine and increase its excretion in the urine.
Sodium Deficiency