3) Surgical treatment
Lastly, surgery may be needed if the condition is severe. This includes angioplasty, which is a procedure in which a catheter is inserted into the artery, and a balloon is used to open the artery and expand it. Additionally, stenting can be used, which is a procedure in which a metal mesh tube is inserted into the artery to keep it open.
These surgeries are usually performed in patients who already went through a complication, such as heart attack or stroke. Surgical treatment is considered as an option to prevent a new heart attack, which is usually more severe than the preceding episode. Thus, if your doctor has recommended surgical treatment, do not delay your appointment and try to solve your condition as soon as possible.
Atherosclerosis is a serious condition, and the treatments outlined above can help to reduce the risk of stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular diseases. To effectively manage the condition, it’s important to follow the dietary and lifestyle changes, take medications as prescribed by your doctor, and consider surgery if necessary.