Calcium is a type of body mineral that is extremely important for our health. It is the most abundant mineral in the body with more than 99% in the form of calcium phosphate complexes that mainly builds up our bones and teeth and contributes to the formation of nerve cells, body tissues, and fluids. It serves a whole lot of functions in the body so its deficiency can harm the body greatly and since our bodies can not produce calcium naturally and get its supply mainly from the diet or through calcium supplements it is essential to make sure that you incorporate foods that contain sufficient amounts of calcium in our diets to avoid these harmful effects and keep our bones and teeth healthy.
Calcium deficiency :
Calcium deficiency is also known as hypocalcemia is a very dangerous condition in which there is not enough calcium in the blood usually at a level of less than 2.1 mmol/l or ionized calcium level below 1.15 mmol/l if this condition occurs during essential times of high calcium requirements like during childhood and adolescence, pregnancy and lactation, and postmenopausal period it can lead to harmful health consequences, cause severe bone density loss and increase the risk of fractures it is mostly due to:
- parathyroid hormone deficiency owing to an autoimmunedisease or idiopathically
- genetic cause like pseudohypoparathyroidism where there is a resistance to parathyroid hormone
- Digeorge syndrome where you are born without a parathyroid gland due to a mutation in chromosome 22
- most commonly following total thyroidectomy surgery since there is no further parathyroid hormone production
- post-radiation to the thyroid gland that affects the parathyroid gland as well
- vitamin D deficiency due to decreased intake, problem in absorption, and mainly due to not getting enough sun exposure
- Chronic kidney disease leads to an increased rate of calcium excretion and defects in vitamin D production in the body
- Liver failure that interferes with vitamin Dproduction
- poor calcium intake and too little dairy products or calcium-rich foods consumption
- taking medications that suppress the absorption of calcium like rifampin, phenytoin, phenobarbital,and chemotherapy like alendronate
- hyperphosphatemia and hypomagnesemia associated with excessive alcohol consumption that reduces the function of parathyroid hormone
- critical illness like toxic shock syndrome, tumor lysis syndrome, and rhabdomyolysis
- After massive blood transfusions since citrate in the blood reduces calcium absorption
- pancreatitis where the calcium gets deposited in the abdominal cavity due to the inflammation and gets lower in the blood
- Post Para thyroidectomy where there is a condition known as hungry bones syndrome where your bones absorb most of the calcium in the body leading to hypocalcemia
Food elements rich in calcium
One cup of milk contains 122 calories,4.8 grams of fat, 12 grams of carbs, 8.1 grams of protein.
Without a doubt milk has always been the number one go-to drink that supplies you with the highest amount of calcium than any other food ingredient there is about 23% of the daily requirements of calcium in just one cup of milk that helps protect you against all the bad side effects of low calcium that is why it is very important to start from an early age to begin and finish the day with a cup of milk to keep healthy for as long as possible and age gracefully with strong bones that can help you avoid getting osteoporosis in the future.