Hypertension | Guidelines and Management

Guidelines for blood pressure screening

The European society of hypertension (ESH), and the European society of cardiology (ESC) guidelines (2018) recommended blood pressure screening for all adults as following:

    • Every five years for those with optimal blood pressure (less than 120/80 mmHg)
    • Every three years for those with normal blood pressure (between 120/80 mmHg and129/84 mmHg)
    • Every year for those with high normal blood pressure (between 130/85 mmHg and 139/89 mmHg)

According to these guidelines, the diagnosis should be after, at least, 2 measurements on two separate occasions.

The 7th report of the joint national committee (JNC 7) on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (2003) recommended blood pressure screening every two years for adults with normal blood pressure (less than 120/80 mmHg) and every year for those in the prehypertension stage (between 120/80 mmHg and 139/89 mmHg).

According to this report, the diagnosis should depend on 2 or more measurements on 2 or more doctor visits.

» Now, we will discuss the guidelines for hypertension management to know the different systems for hypertension management.