2. Autoimmune hepatitis
A) Causes of autoimmune hepatitis
The exact cause of autoimmune hepatitis is unknown, but it is believed to result from an abnormal response from the body’s immune system. In this process, the body attacks itself by producing antibodies attacking liver cells. These antibodies can also attack other body parts, causing symptoms such as muscle weakness.
The body attacks its own liver cells, leading to inflammation and progressive liver scarring that ends up in cirrhosis. Various factors, including genetics, certain medications, and certain infections, can cause this. An infectious disease can trigger underlying genetics in the immune system and start a process of autoimmune damage to the liver and other tissues.
Autoimmune hepatitis can be a part of another autoimmune syndrome, such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis.