3. Infectious hepatitis
A) Causes of infectious hepatitis
Infectious hepatitis is triggered by a viral infection that affects the liver, caused by one of the hepatitis viruses or another agent with hepatic involvement. It is one of the most commonly diagnosed diseases worldwide and can be classified into five different types depending on the strain of the hepatitis virus: A, B, C, D, and E.
It is most commonly spread through contact with infected blood or body fluids, sharing needles, contaminated food, and water, or through sexual contact. Since the cause of infectious hepatitis is very clear and concise, it is one of the only types of hepatitis that can be prevented through hygiene, safe sex, and security measures when handling blood and needles.