How do you get Meningitis B? | How Do You Catch The Infection?

What makes someone at a higher risk of getting meningitis B?

Meningitis treatment

As vaccines are available for these infections, it is of utmost importance to identify high-risk people to prevent the disease.

• Age: Meningococcal B infection can affect anybody, but young children (<5 years) and the elderly (>65 years) are at higher risk.

• Genetic variation: Genetic factors control immunity and susceptibility to invasive bacterial infections. Certain molecules can alter bacterial adhesion to human tissues, recognize the immune system, and respond accordingly. Some studies outlined the association of genetic variation and total disease outcomes regarding severity and death rates.

• Underlying medical conditions: Medical conditions that weaken the immunity can increase the risk. HIV infection, primary immunodeficiency conditions, cancer, or the use of immunosuppressive drugs are all risk factors.
Patients who underwent splenectomy (surgical removal of the spleen) are at a significantly higher risk.
• Behaviors: Living in crowded community settings, for instance, overcrowded houses and dormitories, smoking, and intimate kissing with multiple partners, increase the risk of catching the infection.