Treatment of Crohn’s disease
Treatment for Crohn’s Disease is tailored to the individual and can include medications, nutritional supplements, and lifestyle changes. Medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants, and biologics can be used to reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs: In Crohn’s disease, these include corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Corticosteroids are typically prescribed initially and may be combined with other agents.
- Anti-metabolites (immunosuppressants): For example, azathioprine or mercaptopurine. These are typically given after the first year of treatment to treat autoimmune conditions.
- Biologicals: These medications are made from living organisms or their parts. They include antibodies and cytokines. Biologicals are given by injection but can also be infused into a vein or placed under the skin. They may be used alone or in combination with other medications for better results.
Nutrition and lifestyle changes, such as following a low-fat diet and exercising regularly, can also help people manage their condition. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to relieve severe symptoms or to remove a section of the intestine that is affected by the disease.