Treatment of ulcerative colitis
In some cases, ulcerative colitis may be difficult to differentiate from Crohn’s Disease or Indeterminate Colitis, so determining the correct diagnosis is important.
The most common treatment for ulcerative colitis is similar to Crohn’s disease. It features anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants, and biological therapies. Surgery may be recommended in severe cases to remove the diseased portion of the intestine or to remove the entire colon.
The difference between Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis treatment is that ulcerative colitis has extra features that usually cause gastrointestinal bleeding, and patients may also need supplements or medications for anemia.
Dietary changes and lifestyle modifications such as exercise and stress management are also essential components of treatment.