Bladder Inflammation (Cystitis) : Symptoms, Causes, Types, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

Causes of bladder inflammation

Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder that can be caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal infections. Bladder inflammation, on the other hand, is caused by an agent that irritates the bladder and affects its lining. This agent can be a toxic or strong chemical, a bacteria or fungal infection, or an autoimmune disease.

The most common cause of cystitis is bacterial infections that enter the bladder through the urethra. This can occur when bacteria are introduced to the urinary system during sexual intercourse or when organisms come into contact with the bladder through catheters or surgery. Other causes of cystitis and bladder inflammation include viral infections and food allergies.