Meningitis | Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Prevention & Treatment

2. Viral meningitis

Despite being the most frequent type of meningitis, viral meningitis is usually self-limiting, which means the patient recovers spontaneously without specific treatment within a few days. Yet, patients should receive intravenous fluids and pain killers to minimize the pain and avoid dehydration.

Patients with specific immunity problems may need antibodies in a procedure called Immunoglobulin replacement.

Patients with suspected/confirmed viral encephalitis, on the other hand, are hospitalized and treated with antivirals, especially if Herpes (HSV- encephalitis) or influenza viruses are suspected/confirmed to be the cause. This reduces the risk of neurological complications, including permanent brain damage. Thus, viral meningitis must be differentiated from viral encephalitis to determine a suitable treatment plan.

Patients with (HSV-meningitis) should be referred to a sexual health clinic after recovery and treatment may include antivirals.

N.B. The physician might recommend antiviral therapy for some patients with HSV-meningitis.