Liver Cancer; Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment Options

Liver cancer is a malignant growth that happens in the liver. The liver is the biggest glandular organ in the body and plays different basic roles to liberate the body from poisons and hurtful substances. The liver is situated in the right upper quadrant of the midsection, i.e., abdomen, right beneath the ribs. It is responsible for bile production, a substance that assists in processing fats, nutrients, and different supplements. This imperative organ likewise stores supplements, for example, glucose which is utilized for energy. It again separates toxins and medications. When malignant growth creates in the liver, it obliterates liver cells and slows down the capacity of the liver to work typically.

There are various types of liver cancer. The liver can develop a variety of cancers. Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most frequent type of liver cancer. It starts in the primary type of liver cell (hepatocyte). Other kinds of liver cancer are significantly less prevalent, such as intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and hepatoblastoma.

Broadly, there are two types of liver cancer.

    1. Primary liver cancer
    2. Secondary liver cancer

Primary Liver Cancer

Primary liver cancer is the growth of tumors that occurs in the cells of the liver. Primary liver cancer comes in a variety of forms, including:

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Hepatocellular carcinoma is a type of liver cancer that affects the liver. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), often called hepatoma, is the most common type of liver cancer. It accounts for 75% of all cases of liver cancer. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is also known as primary liver cancer (due to high prevalence), is the seventh most common cancer in women and fifth most frequent cancer in men. It is also the third most significant cause of cancer-related death globally.

The liver cells are mostly hepatocytes, which develop this disease. The disease of the tumor can spread from its start point, i.e., the liver, to other organs like the pancreas, intestines, and stomach.

People with substantial liver impairment from alcohol overuse are more susceptible to developing HCC.