Potassium deficiency symptoms
Potassium is responsible for calcium influx inside muscle cells, directly affecting muscle contraction and the transmission of nerve impulses to the muscles. With potassium deficiency, both nerve impulses and mineral flow into the cells will decrease, giving rise to muscle aches and spasms.
Weakness and fatigue
This can happen as a result of decreased protein and glucagon in the muscles because potassium is responsible for converting glucose and amino acids to glucagon and protein. A reduction in the hormone that controls energy sources will cause symptoms of fatigue and weakness.
Potassium has a significant role in regulating the blood PH. Potassium deficiency can cause increasing or decreasing blood PH, and that will alkalize or acidify the blood. This will ultimately affect the breathing process, giving rise to breathing difficulties.
Constipation has a lot of causes, and potassium deficiency can be an important explanation, especially in older adults. Downregulation of digestive system muscles will cause constipation as a part of the effect of potassium deficiency on the smooth muscle. Potassium deficiency combined with an unhealthy diet low in fiber is likely to increase constipation symptoms.
High blood pressure
Lower levels of potassium in the blood will give sodium the upper hand in regulating blood pressure, which causes high blood pressure. This condition usually linked to unhealthy diets and low fruits and vegetable intake which have high amounts of sodium.
That is because when potassium levels drop, inadequate secretion of chemical transmission in the brain will occur, leading to mood swings and personality changes.
Loss of bone minerals as a part of potassium deficiency is linked to osteoporosis in older adults.