Face, arms, speech & time
The major signs and symptoms and usually the first ones to appear are located in the face. You may experience dropping of the face on one side (to the right side if stroke occurs in the left part of the brain and to the left side if damage occurs in the right brain), patients may be unable to smile, dropping their mouth (Bell’s palsy) or eyelids.
You may experience weakness or numbness in one or both arms, and you may not be able to lift the limbs entirely. This is a sign that the part of the brain affected by a stroke is the cerebrum, especially located in an area that controls movement and coordination of the muscles.
You may experience slurring of speech or being unable to speak appropriate words. The worst condition could be that you are unable to speak a single word despite appearing to be awake.
Time in this mnemonic (FACE) is not a real sign and symptom. It rather indicates that you have to quickly seek medical attention to treat the condition promptly and minimize the adverse consequences of a stroke.
- It is imperative for you to be aware of FAST and other signs and symptoms of strokes, especially if you care for somebody or live with somebody in a high-risk group such as those with diabetes, high blood pressure, ischemic heart disease or above the age of 60. Some other important signs and symptoms are as below: