11 Stomach Cancer Symptoms You Should Never Ignore! | Gastric Cancer Symptoms

11) Anemia

Anemia, or a low red blood cell count, is a frequent symptom in patients with cancer. In fact, upwards of 70% of the hematological neoplasms and 60% of solid tumors have some element of related anemia during the progression of the disease.

The anemia of the patient with cancer is multifactorial, meaning it can be due to various factors such as blood loss, nutritional deficit, iron deficiency, renal failure, bone marrow infiltration, etc. In cases of stomach cancer, the severity of the anemia is moderate, with hemoglobin levels ranging between 8-10 gr/dl.

Conclusion

stomach cancer stages

How is stomach cancer diagnosed?

Before carrying out any test, the doctor will prepare a medical history and perform a physical examination that will inform him or her about the patient’s habits and the existence of any symptoms and signs that may lead to suspicion of stomach cancer or other conditions.

Tests for diagnosis

Besides a clinical history and physical examinations, in order to accurately diagnose stomach cancer, the physician may request additional tests.

  • Endoscopy: It is the test most used in the diagnosis of stomach cancer. Endoscopy allows direct observation of the mucosa of the stomach and a more accurate assessment of the existence or not of lesions.
  • Biopsy: If the doctor observes a suspicious lesion during the endoscopy, he may remove a small sample of tissue from the area. This small sliver of tissue will be analyzed by a pathologist using a microscope, allowing him or her to issue a diagnosis confirming or ruling out the existence of cancerous growth.
Other tests that can help determine the presence of stomach cancer:
  • Radiographic study with contrast
  • Echoendoscopy
  • CT Scan
  • Abdominal ultrasound

Is an early diagnosis of stomach cancer possible?

Currently, there is no evidence to suggest that healthy individuals with no symptoms benefit from regular endoscopic examinations. However, individuals diagnosed with premalignant lesions such as polyps and chronic atrophic gastritis can greatly benefit from these types of endoscopic procedures. Patients with gastric ulcers should also undergo endoscopic examinations after the conclusion of treatment to confirm that the ulcers have healed completely.

References

Brenner, H., Rothenbacher, D., & Arndt, V. (2009). Epidemiology of stomach cancer. In Cancer Epidemiology (pp. 467-477). Humana Press.

Hansson, L. E., Nyrén, O., Hsing, A. W., Bergström, R., Josefsson, S., Chow, W. H., … & Adami, H. O. (1996). The risk of stomach cancer in patients with gastric or duodenal ulcer disease. New England Journal of Medicine, 335(4), 242-249.

La Vecchia, C., Negri, E., Gentile, A., & Franceschi, S. (1992). Family history and the risk of stomach and colorectal cancer. Cancer, 70(1), 50-55.

Kono, S., & Hirohata, T. (1996). Nutrition and stomach cancer. Cancer Causes & Control, 7(1), 41-55.

Joossens, J. V., Hill, M. J., Elliott, P., Stamler, R., Stamler, J., Lesaffre, E., … & EUROPEAN CANCER PREVENTION (ECP) AND THE INTERSALT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH GROUP. (1996). Dietary salt, nitrate and stomach cancer mortality in 24 countries. International journal of epidemiology, 25(3), 494-504.

Maconi, G., Manes, G., & Porro, G. B. (2008). Role of symptoms in diagnosis and outcome of gastric cancer. World journal of gastroenterology: WJG, 14(8), 1149.