2. More susceptibility to infections
Lymphoma is an ailment that affects the normal function of the immune system, and higher susceptibility to infections is one of the most prevalent conditions of the disease. It increases the risk of patients to get severe infections, and sometimes bacteria that would not cause problems start doing so as a result of the suppression of the immune system. There are various types of lymphoma, and each one of them makes the patient susceptible to a different range of microorganisms.
For example, B-cell lymphomas affect a type of lymphocyte that reacts against bacteria. Thus, these patients display a higher susceptibility to bacterial infections, and they are usually located in the urinary system and the respiratory tract. When patients with B-cell lymphoma have an infection, it can be very severe and sometimes life-threatening, which is why they need to be very careful and have extra measures to keep safe.
On the other hand, T-cell lymphomas affect a type of lymphocyte that reacts against viruses. These patients would have a higher susceptibility to viral infections, and even mild viruses might become deadly. T-cell lymphoma is also associated with reactivation of latent viruses, as it happens with herpes and tuberculosis.